The Origins of Heart Sutra
The Heart Sutra was translated by the Buddhist master Xuanzang in the Tang Dynasty. Xuanzang was born in Henan Province, China and was one of the Four Great Translators of Buddhist sutras. He spent 17 years traveling more than 50,000 miles to bring important sutras from India to China.
Among the 49 years that the Buddha spread his teachings, he spent 22 years interpreting the concept of prajñā (wisdom). The Heart Sutra is the core of the prajñā teachings, and we know what an important place it occupies in the Buddhist canon.
The Heart Sutra is based on a dialogue between Avalokiteśvara and Śāriputra, in which they interpret the nature of prajñā. In the Heart Sutra, prajñā means “true wisdom.”